The Land Management function of Indigenous and Northern affairs Canada (INAC) involves the provision of land management services of over 600 First Nations and covers 2,366 reserves within the 2.7 million hectares of reserve land across Canada. The Constitution Act of 1867 and 1982. The Indian Act, Treaties and other federal statutes have provided the legal framework for the First Nations Lands.
Land Management Programs are a transfer of control over land management from INAC to First Nations. It is part of an overall approach to facilitate assumption by First Nation control over communities.
There are 4 land management regimes:
Two under the Indian Act:
- Reserve Lands & Environmental Management Program (RLEMP)
- Delegated Lands Management Program (53/60) – no longer in effect, only few Nations fall in this category
Two under Self- Government:
- First Nation Land Management Act (FNLMA)
- Comprehensive Self-government agreements
Siksika Nation Lands are currently governed under the Indian Act. There are 34 sections within the Indian Act that Siksika Nation currently follows. We are currently enrolled in the Reserve Lands & Environmental Management Program (RLEMP) of which provides external funding for monitoring and compliance of our *Federal Land Instruments. All Federal Land Instruments are Governed through INAC. However, Siksika is continuously gaining more controls and responsibilities in governing our land base.
Through RLEMP, there are 3 levels and they are;
Level 1- Training & Development
Level 2 – Operational
Level 3 – Delegated Authority
Siksika Land & Resource Management is currently operating on level 1 “Training and Development” since 2018, and will reach operational by 2022.
- FEDERAL LAND INSTRUMENTS: PERMITS, LEASES, EASEMENTS, etc.
LEGISLATIONS THAT LAND & RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOLLOW:
First Nations Lands Management Act (FNLMA)
Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA)
Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA)
Species at Risk (SARA)
Indian Oil & Gas Regulations
Agricultural Service Board Act
Weed Control Act
Agriculture Pests Act
Soil Conservation Act
Animal Health Act
Siksika Financial Administration Law